Urinary Tract Infections

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Urinary Tract Infections

Any bacterial infection that affects any part of the Urinary tract is a Urinary Tract Infection of UTI. Despite containing several fluids, salts, and waste products, it usually is free of bacteria.  When bacteria multiply and get into the kidneys or the urinary tract, the person is said to have UTI.  This infection is caused by (Escherichia coli) a rod shaped bacteria that is commonly found in the lower intestines of the warm blooded organism. Bladder infection of (cystitis) is the most common type of UTI.  If the upper kidney is infected, it can be a cause for concern.  UTI is easily treated with antibiotics.

UTI only cause discomfort, and symptoms are pain during urination, cloudy urine and a constant need to urinate. The main organs of the Urinary tract are the kidneys. They remove excess liquid and waste from the blood in the form of urine and produce a hormone that helps in the production of red blood cells. Urinary Tract infections can occur in newborns who have abnormalities of the urinary tract that need surgery to be rectified The most common cause of Urinary Tract infections in adults is the use of a catheter, who due to age or illness people lose control of their bladders, and need a tube (catheter) that is placed through the urethra into the bladder.

People with diabetes also are more susceptible to Urinary Tract Infections. For some unknown reasons, women are at greater risk than men to get urinary tract infections, especially women who use diaphragms. To diagnose urinary tract infections, doctors test a urine sample, which is examined in a laboratory for white cells and bacteria. Unless there are unwarranted complications the infection will clear up with 2/3 days of treatment.  However, doctors strongly recommend to their patients to take the full prescribed course for a week or even two to be completely sure that the infection has been cured.

A follow-up urinalysis helps to confirm that the urinary tract is infection-free. It is important to take the full course of treatment because symptoms may disappear before the infection is fully cleared. Various drugs are available to relieve the pain of a UTI. A heating pad may also help. Most doctors suggest that drinking plenty of water helps cleanse the urinary tract of bacteria. During treatment, it is best to avoid coffee, alcohol, and spicy foods. And one of the best things a smoker can do for his or her bladder is to quit smoking. Smoking is the major known cause of bladder cancer.