Different Practice Models that underpin Inclusion, Diversity, and Equality in Adult Care
Individuals working in adult care must understand and be aware of the principles, values, and models of inclusion, diversity, and equality while providing effective care to vulnerable adults. These values are also emphasized by core philosophies and principles of person-centered planning and the modern theory of social care. Moreover, the diversity and difference model and the equal opportunities model are the two major models of practice that underpin inclusion, diversity, and equality. The diversity and difference model is based on four major principles: (a) individuals function when they are highly values, (b) when group differences and individual needs are considered, individuals feel they are valued, (c) individuals can be empowered and they can learn from differences, and (d) individuals who are empowered can work alone without any support.
According to the equal opportunities model, equal treatment must be provided to everyone and they must not be differently treated based on unrelated criteria. The cons of this model involve penalties imposed by it and its intrusive nature. Moreover, it is also based on regulations and laws. Identification of barriers is the key advantage provided by this model. Individuals are not supposed to be disadvantaged due to their characteristics like sexual orientation, sex, belief, religion, race, maternity, pregnancy, marriage, etc.
The benefit of this model is that greater effectiveness is granted and a better workforce is created by it. Its drawbacks involve dependency on organizational culture, individual actions and frames of mind. Moreover, it is the key responsibility of individuals working in adult care that they must assure that adults are treated with respect, dignity, and equally. Moreover, equality must be promoted and adults must be provided with individual choice and rights. Their respect, dignity, independence, individuality, and privacy must be maintained. Lastly, inclusion must be supported by assuring all of the adults have the opportunity of complete participation in all aspects of the life of the program regardless of their situation or background. The difference and diversity model is based on inclusion.