Get an Essay on Michael Porter Five Forces Analysis and Value Chain Analysis

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Get an Essay on Michael Porter Five Forces Analysis and Value Chain Analysis

Michael Porter created many analytical methods that companies may use to gauge their competitiveness in an industry in order to improve the strategic management process.

Porter’s Five Forces Analysis, Value Chain Analysis, Competitive Advantage Theory, Strategic Group Analysis, and Generic Strategies are only a few of the analysis and management tools that Michel Porter created.

Companies all across the world are embracing strategic management more and more. Businesses search for the best management methods or models when the competition heats up in an effort to increase their competitiveness.

According to one definition of strategic management, it is a goals-oriented management in which the purpose and intended accomplishments of an organization are clearly established and all management procedures are structured and managed towards attaining the firm’s overall goals.

It is focused on the planned and unplanned actions that managers take to better allocate resources and increase the performance of the company. The formulation of the company’s purpose, vision, and objectives, as well as the development of policies that aid in the achievement of the goals are all part of such efforts.

The balanced scorecard methodology is typically used to evaluate a company’s performance, and the outcomes show how well strategic management is working.

Ideas of Michael Porter

Strategic management is a complicated and multifaceted discipline. There are many different approaches to describe strategic management. The fundamental idea of the Positioning School is that strategies are available positions in a cutthroat market that are founded on analysis by a consulting business.

With his book Competitive Strategy, published in 1980, Michael Porter, unquestionably one of the most critical thinkers on management and competition in the world, created the foundation for strategic positioning by outlining his Five Forces model.

His 1985 publication, Competitive Advantage, presented the Value Chain concept and defined his activity-based philosophy. Due to their wide application and simplicity of use, these seminal books’ appeal has persisted since their release.

Influence of Michael Porter

Strategic management is a complicated and multifaceted discipline. In an effort to prescribe the fundamental components of management strategy and find a technique to permanently meet the demands of managers looking to maximize the potential of their businesses in the cutthroat economic environment, several definitions have been put forth.

The term “strategic management” has been defined in various ways depending on the organization’s objectives, sector, structure, purpose, policies, critical success factors or decisions, capabilities, planning, and competitive advantage that may be sustained.

Typically, organizational managers use strategic management as a tool to increase the performance of their companies through a variety of competitive moves. The schools in the descriptive category aim to explain strategic management in terms of how it develops in practice.

The Configurational group includes a single school of thought with two sides, the first of which is to describe the organization’s condition and environment and the second of which aims to illustrate the process of formulating strategies.

The schools that attempt to describe strategic management in terms of how it should be framed rather than how it is developed in reality make up the Prescriptive Group. Schools that need design, planning, and location are included in the Prescriptive category.

The SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) Analysis, created by Ken Andrews in the early 1970s, is the most recent example of the design school’s attempt to describe strategic management as a conceptual process.

Michael Porter’s Theories

Porter is a prominent lecturer who holds the esteemed Bishop William Lawrence University Professorship at Harvard Corporate School. Porter is a well-known business management theorist and is sometimes referred to as the founder of contemporary management theory.

He is a prolific writer, having produced over 125 articles and 18 books on strategy and competitiveness since 1976. Porter has provided management advice to several U.S. and foreign businesses, governments, and organizations.

He has also received numerous accolades and prizes for his contributions to economics and strategic management theory. Unquestionably, Michael Porter is one of the world’s most important management and competitiveness theorists.

Porter’s 1980 book Competitive Strategy: Techniques for Analyzing Industries and Competitors, which he wrote, is well renowned for its insightful theories. Competitive Strategy, a staple of Porter’s writings, introduced his five forces model as well as his general techniques for fending off those forces.

Porter created his Value Chain Model, a framework for activity-based competitive analysis of a corporation, and presented it in his follow-up essay, The Competitive Advantage: Creating and Sustaining Superior Performance, which was released in 1985.

Porter’s model is adaptable, well-liked, and frequently employed. It is simple to find various instances of studies that were carried out utilizing Porter’s model to evaluate the competitive environment of a number of sectors, from banking to brewing. The list below summarises a few of these.

Porter’s Five Forces Model

Porter’s five forces are categorized as factors that affect long-term profitability in an industry at the industry level.

These economic and technological features are regarded as the fundamental, crucial ingredients for an industry’s performance and have an impact on vital market parameters including pricing, the level of investment required for competition, market share, prospective earnings, profit margins, and industry volume.

The five factors include rival companies in the business, pressure from competing goods, supplier and buyer negotiating power, and prospective rivals. The competitive environment in which the business must function is made up of these five factors working together.

Industry rivalry is typically regarded as the strong force and is influenced by variables including the size of the rivals, the number of competitors, shifts in product demand, asset specialization, the strength of exit barriers, and competitor diversity. Competitive strategies used by one company might have an industry-wide impact.

The industry is under pressure from replacement items because of an arbitrary price cap. Competitive pressure is brought on by lowered consumer switching costs and rising alternative product prices. According to the cost of alternative items and consumers’ switching costs, the danger of substitutes varies.

Competition is impacted by suppliers’ negotiating power, especially when there are few, or many replacements for raw resources or when switching costs rise. Competition increases when providers increase prices, or decrease prices, services, or the quality of goods or services.

When buyers are able to negotiate better terms for pricing, distribution, and quality, the market is affected. Influences include product differentiation, consumer concentration, number, and both. Factors include switching expenses and purchasers’ capacity for backward integration.

Value Chain Analysis

The multiple tasks that a company completes in order to generate the finished item or service in a particular sector are referred to as a value chain. Every step “adds value to the product”.

Companies must determine the point in their processes when value is generated or lost in order to provide value to their consumers. In order to assist determine where value is produced or lost within a corporation, Michel Porter designed a model for studying the value chain.

The value chain framework offers managers the chance to pinpoint the processes that provide the most value and those that give them a competitive edge.

The framework also helps managers to pinpoint the operations that add minimal value to the company and its clients. As a result, the framework gives managers the ability to identify the tasks crucial to the firm’s overall strategy as well as the competitiveness.

The primary and secondary activities make up the two main kinds of activities that make up the value chain. Transportation, production, sales, and marketing services are among them.

On the other hand, secondary activities improve the efficacy and efficiency of primary operations. They include enhancing production technology, purchasing, growing human resources, and acquiring infrastructure.

The organization’s strategic objectives must coincide with its value chain. For instance, if a corporation wants to be cost-efficient, it would concentrate on activities that lower expenses.

The value chain gives managers the ability to assess the structure of the firm. The management may decide which operations to outsource or stop, as well as which ones to strengthen, by recognizing those that bring value and those that do not.


5 Forces of Michael Porter Michael E. Porter of Harvard Commercial School created Porter’s five forces of competitive position analysis in 1979 as a straightforward framework for determining the competitive strength and position of a business company. Basically, the idea behind this theory is based on the five forces model, which is used to assess the level of competition and the attractiveness of a market.

According to Porter, a variety of management tools used today, such as total quality management, benchmarking, time-based competition, outsourcing, partnering, and reengineering, do enhance and significantly improve a company’s operational effectiveness, but they are unable to give the company long-term financial success.

As a result, management’s inability to discern between operational effectiveness and strategy appears to be the basis of the issue: Management tools have replaced strategy.

When you need to examine a company’s strategic position or provide suggestions for future development, Porter’s theory is a reliable analytical tool.

However, you are welcome to compare and contrast real-world businesses in any additional tasks using Porter’s model. Porter’s general strategies are pertinent in dissertation literature reviews or when analyzing a relationship between particular strategic actions and firm success.